April 5, 2018

Read e-book online Athens Transformed, 404–262 BC: From Popular Sovereignty to PDF

By Phillip Harding

ISBN-10: 0415873924

ISBN-13: 9780415873925

During the heady, democratic days of the 5th and fourth centuries, the poorer contributors of Athenian society, the decrease periods of zeugitai and thetes, enjoyed an unheard of dominance in either family and international politics. At domestic, the participatory nature of the structure required their presence not just within the lawcourts and meeting, but in addition in many of the minor magistracies; overseas, they have been the motive force of the military, which ensured Athens’ regulate of the Aegean and the Black seas. Their participation in any respect degrees used to be made attainable by way of kingdom pay (for jury accountability, attendance within the meeting, public workplace and army service). within the 5th century country pay used to be financed mostly in the course of the tribute paid by way of individuals of the empire, supplemented via the liturgical contributions of the wealthy and, starting through the warfare, a estate tax (the eisphora). within the fourth century, nearly the complete burden was once shouldered via taxation upon the rich, particularly those that owned estate.

In this e-book, writer Phillip Harding lines the foremost alterations that happened within the management of the country that finally disadvantaged the reduce sessions in their supremacy and transferred energy into the palms of the rich land-owners. issues replaced extensively after Athens’ defeat within the Lamian (or Hellenic) battle in 322BC. Over the following a number of a long time, restrict of the franchise, removing of pay for a few public workplaces, the lack of the army, the elevated dependence upon neighborhood grain from the bigger estates in Attika, the elimination of the tax burden from the wealthy by means of the finishing of such significant liturgies because the trierarchia and the choregia and the leaving behind of the eisphora all contributed to this modification.

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Athens Transformed, 404–262 BC: From Popular Sovereignty to the Dominion of Wealth (Routledge Monographs in Classical Studies) by Phillip Harding

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